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I am lucky and thankful to have fantastic collaborators!!


  • Endara, L., Burleigh, G., Cooper, L., Laporte, M., Jaiswal, P., Cui, H. 2018. A Natural Language Processing Pipeline to extract phenotypic data from formal taxonomic descriptions with a Focus on Flagellate Plants. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Biological Ontology (ICBO 2018) Corvallis, Oregon, USA, August 7-10, 201. CEUR Workshop Proceedings Vol. 2285. (
  • Endara, L., Thessen, A.E., Cole, H.A., Walls, L., Gkoutos, G.V., Cao,Y., Chong S.S., Cui, H. 2018. Modifier Ontologies for frequency, certainty, degree, and coverage phenotype modifiers. Biodiversity Data Journal 6: e29232. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.6.e29232
  • Roy, B.A., M. Zorrilla,  L.Endara, D. Thomas, R. Vandegrift, J. Rubenstein, T. Policha, B. Rios-Touma, M. Read, M. 2018. New mining concessions could severely decrease biodiversity and ecosystem services in Ecuador. Tropical Conservation Science, 11: 1-20. DOI:10.1177/1940082918780427
  • Endara, L., H. Cui,  J.G. Burleigh. 2018. Semiautomatic extraction of phenotypic traits from taxonomic descriptions for the tree of life using a Natural Language Processing approach.  Applications in Plant Sciences. DOI 10.1002/aps3.1035
  • Sessa, E.B., Chambers, S.M, Li, D., Trotta, L., Endara, L., Burleigh, J.G., Baiser, B. 2018 Community assembly of the ferns of Florida. American Journal of Botany. 105 (3):549-564.


  • Endara, L.,  H.A. Cole, J.G. Burleigh, N. Nagalingum, J.A.Macklin, J.Liu, R. Sonalde, H. Cui . 2017 Building ‘the Plant Glossary” – a controlled botanical vocabulary using terms extracted from the Floras of North America and China.  Taxon 66(4): 953-966.


  • Givnish T.J., D. Spalink, M. Ames, S.P. Lyon, S.J. Hunter, A. Zuluaga, A. Doucette, G. Caro, J. MacDaniel, M.A. Clements, M.K.Arroyo, L. Endara , R. Kreibel, W.M. Whitten, N.H. Williams, K. Cameron.. 2015. Orchid historical biogeography, diversification, Antarctica, and the paradox of orchid dispersal. (Journal of Biogeography), Journal of Biogeography. 43(1905-1916).


  • Givnish T.J., D. Spalink, M. Ames, S.P. Lyon, S.J. Hunter, A. Zuluaga, W. Iles , M.A. Clements, M.K.Arroyo, J. Leebens-Mack, L. Endara , R. Kreibel, K.M. Neubig, W.M. Whitten, N.H. Williams, K. Cameron.. 2015. Orchid phylogenomics and multiple divers of their extraordinary diversification. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 282 (1814).
  • Daly, M., L. Endara, J.G. Burleigh. 2015. Peeking behind the page: using Natural Language Processing to identify and explore the characters used to classify sea anemones. Zoologischer Anzeiger 256 (54-60).
  • Huang, F., J. Macklin, H.Cui, H. Cole, L. Endara. 2015. OTO: Ontology Term Organizer,  BMC Bioinformatics 16(47).
  • Liu, J., L. Endara, H. Cui, J.G. Burleigh. 2015. MatrixConverter: Facilitating construction of phenomic character matrices. Applications in Plant Sciences 3(2).


  • Endara, L., A. Soto-Centeno, T.A. Lott, P.S. Soltis. Preserving biodiversity for long-term research: The Genetic Resources Repository of the Florida Museum of Natural History. in: Applequist, W.L., Campbell, L.M. DNA Banking for the 21st Century, Proceeding of the U.S. Workshop on DNA Banking. 2014. The William Brown Center at the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. pp 49-55.


  • Neubig, KM, M.W.Whitten, N.H. Williams, M.A. Blanco, L. Endara, G. Burleigh, K. Silvera, J.C. Cushman, M. Chase. 2012. Generic recircumscriptions of Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae) based on maximum likelihood analysis of combined DNA datasets.  Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168:117-146


  • Endara, L., L. Jost. Orchidaceae. In: S. León-Yánez,  R. Valencia, L. Endara, N.,  Pitman, C. Ulloa-Ulloa (eds.). The Red Book of the Endemic Plants of Ecuador 2011. Publications of QCA Herbarium, Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
  • Endara, L., N.H. Williams, M.W.Whitten. 2011. Filogenia molecular preliminar de Scaphosepalum (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae).  Lankesteriana 11(3):245-252
  • Neubig, K.M., W. M. Whitten, M.A. Blanco, L. Endara, N. Williams,  S. Koehler. 2011. Preliminary Molecular Phylogenetics of Sobralia and relatives (Orchidaceae: Sobraliae). Lankesteriana 11(3):307-317
  • Judd, W.S., G.M. Ionta, L. Endara, K.C.ST.E. Campbell. 2011. Miconia pseudorigida (Melastomataceae: Miconia) Re-collected in the John Crow Mountains, Jamaica, with notes on its conservation status.  Journal of Botanical Research of the Institute of Texas 5(2):727


  • Endara L., D. A. Grimaldi , B. A. Roy. 2010. Lord of the flies: Pollination of Dracula orchids. Lankesteriana. 10(1):1-11


  • Endara, L., N.H. Williams, S. León-Yánez. 2009. Patrones de endemismo de orquídeas endémicas ecuatorianas: perspectivas y prioridades para la conservación. In: Pridgeon A M, Suárez JP (eds) Proceedings of the Second Scientific Conference on Andean Orchids. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador, pp 63-70.
  • Neubig, K.M., W. M. Whitten, B.S. Carlsward, M.A. Blanco, L. Endara, N. Williams, M. Moore. 2009. Phylogenetic utility of ycf1 in orchids: a plastid gene more variable than matK. Plant Systematics and Evolution 277:75-84.


  • Blanco M.A, G. Carnevali, Whitten, M, R. B. Singer, S. Koehler, N. H. Williams, I. Ojeda,  K.M. Neubig,  L. Endara, 2007. Generic Realignments in Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae).  Lankesteriana. 7(3):515-537.
  • Whitten, M, M.A.. Blanco, N. H. Williams, S. Koehler, G. Carnevali, R. B. Singer,  L. Endara, K.M. Neubig. 2007.  Molecular Phylogenetics of Maxillaria and Related genera (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae) Based Upon Combined Molecular Data Sets. American Journal of Botany. 94:1860-1889.


  • Blanco, M. A, W. M. Whitten, D. S. Penneys, N. H. Williams, K. M. Neubig, L. Endara. 2006. A Simple and Safe Method for Rapid Drying of Plant Specimens Using Forced-Air Space Heaters. Selbyana 27: 83-87.


  • Coppus, R., L. Endara, M. Nonhebel, V. Mera, S. León-Yánez, P. Mena V,. J. Wolf, R. Hofstede. 2001. Conservation Status of several Highland systems (Paramos) in Ecuador: A field methodology. In: Mena V., P., G. Medina, R. Hofstede (Eds.) Los Páramos del Ecuador. Particularidades, Problemas y Perspectivas. Abya Yala – Proyecto Páramo. Quito.


  • Endara, L. 2000. Orchidaceae. Pgs. 257-372 in: Valencia, R. N. Pitman, S. León-Yánez & P.M. Jorgensen (eds.). The Red Book of the Endemic Plants of Ecuador 2000.  Publications of QCA Herbarium, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito.
  • Freile Juan F. & L. Endara. 2000. First Nesting Record of Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata and Notes on its Conservation Status. Cotinga 14: 14-16.

In press

  • Endara, L.,  H. Cui,  J.G. Burleigh. A New Approach to Teach Taxonomy and Scientific Research Skills using Natural Language Processing (submitted to CourseSource – Lessons).
  • Endara, L.,  J.G. Burleigh, T. Rodenhausen, H. Cui. Natural Language Processing pipeline, a useful tool for the biology, taxonomy or systematics classroom or laboratory (submitted to CourseSource – Teaching tools and strategies).
  • Luo, F., Antonenko, P., Valle, N., Davis, E.C., Sessa, E., Burleigh, G., Endara, L., McDaniel, S., & Carey, S. Collaborative Design Reasoning in a Large Interdisciplinary Educational Technology Design Project. (International Journal of Designs for Learning)

In review

  • Valle, N. , A. Pavlo, L. Endara, C.E. Davis, G. Somarriba, E. Sessa, F. Luo. S. Carey, S. Dogan, G. Burleigh, M. von Konrat, S. McDaniel. Inquiry learning, storytelling or community science? Exploring affective outcomes and the role of gender in online botany learning. (British Journal of Educational Technology).

Co-described species:

In: Luer, C. 2011. Miscellaneous new species in the Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae) excluding species from Brazil. Harvard Papers in Botany 16 (2) pp. 311-360

  • Scaphosepalum rinkei Luer & L. Endara

In: Luer, C. 2009. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXX, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden  115. St. Louis, Missouri

  •  Stelis espinosae Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis lugoi Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis oreada Luer & L. Endara

In: Luer, C. 2007. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXIX, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden  112. St. Louis, Missouri

  •  Effusiella scolnikiae Luer & L. Endara
  • Pleurothallis davisii Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis anderssonii Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis orbiculata Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis asplundii Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis ramificans Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis barbimentosa Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis septicola Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis drewii Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis stromii Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis hymenopetala Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis thamiostachya Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis lacunata Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis tropex Luer & L. Endara

In: Luer, C. 2005. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVII, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden  103. St. Louis, Missouri

  • Acronia diazii Luer & L. Endara
  • Acronia folsomii Luer & L. Endara
  • Acronia fonnegrae Luer & L. Endara
  • Acronia hawsinkii Luer & L. Endara
  • Acronia homeroi Luer & L. Endara
  • Acronia iris Luer & L. Endara
  • Acronia lutherii Luer & L. Endara

In: Luer, C. 2004. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVI, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 95. St. Louis, Missouri

  • Platystele gaileana Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis fabulosa Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis intonsa Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis loejtnantii Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis macrolemma Luer & L. Endara
  • Stelis venosa Luer & L. Endara

In: Freire-Fierro, C. 2002. A New Species of Ribes (Grossulariaceae), along with Notes and Key to Ecuadorian Species, Systematic Botany 27 (1): pp. 14-18.

  • Ribes nanophyllum Freire-Fierro & L. Endara

Species discovered

  • Porroglossum lorenae Luer In: Luer, C. 2004. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVI, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 95. St. Louis, Missouri
  • Stelis lorenae Luer In: Luer, C. 2007. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXIX, Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden  112. St. Louis, Missouri

Electronic publications,  websites, popular forum: